The accredited wind and energy yield assessment studies of anemos GmbH provide a reliable basis at all times during your wind farm planning.
Whether you opt for a preliminary assessment at the early stage of planning or for a bankable wind and yield report to finance your wind farm, the long-term experience of the anemos GmbH promises a high quality of the wind and yield calculation.
The anemos GmbH also calculates possible yield losses due to environmental restrictions with the most reliability since we use site-specific time series for your location.
Site assessment studies are performed with a range of models from the simple program WAsP to the CFD called Meteodyn and the mesocale model WRF.
Energy yield calculation
We accompany your project from the first energy yield estimation to wind measurements up to the final bankable wind study as a basis for your financial considerations. Depending on the site-specific characteristics, the anemos GmbH has the possibility of using different kinds of flow models for energy yield calculations to reasonably simulate the wind conditions at your site.
Whether for the long-term correlation of wind measurements or energy yield data of reference turbines or to drive the flow models - the data of our wind atlases are applied in every wind study as additional information. Hereby, we reach the high accuracy of our energy yield calculations.
The reports are prepared according to the Technical Guideline TR6 which defines the high-quality standards of German site assessment studies and according to the international IEC guidelines.
We offer our products as follows:
- preliminary wind and energy yield studies
- wind potential maps
- layout optimization of your wind farm
- bankable wind and energy yield studies according to the TR6/IEC guidelines
Estimating the wind conditions over complex terrain is a big challenge. The anemos GmbH operates the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) model Meteodyn WT which is especially developed to calculate the flow over complex terrain.
To provide site assessment studies with such a complex model in reasonable time, the anemos company operates high-performance computers, that are able to perform these complex computations within an adequate time frame.
- application in complex terrain
- high resolution up to 25m
- advanced modelling of forest canopies
- integration of different atmospheric stability classes
- advanced modelling of atmospheric turbulence
Determination of site quality for commissioning
According to the EEG 2017, the quality of the wind turbine sites which are approved after 1.1.2017 and are not subject to exceptions, must be determined for commissioning and verified after 5, 10 and 15 years. The site quality index is the ratio of the turbine-specific energy yield, taking into account certain losses (site energy yield) and the reference yield of the corresponding WTG type.
The site energy yield for commissioning is equal to the gross energy yield minus loss factors. These include wake losses, losses due to technical unavailability, electrical efficiency losses and losses due to environmental restrictions.
The site quality index has to be proved by an accredited expert according to the guidelines of the FGW (Association for Wind Energy and other Renewable Energies). The anemos GmbH is one of the first companies accredited for the determination of the site quality index.
The anemos GmbH has actively participated in the discussion and the formulation of the corresponding guidelines. The determination of site quality index for commissioning is based on a site assessment study. We also carry out the determination of site quality after commissioning after 5, 10 and 15 operating years.
The 10-minutes time series of the anemos Wind Atlas are essential for our high quality analyses.
Moreover, we create maps of site quality index (Germany) with a high spatial resolution of about 90 X 90 m².
Your contact personJulia Gerken
Tel.: +49 (0)4131 83 08 - 120
Determination of site quality after commissioning (TR 10)
Operators of wind energy turbines whose turbines are erected according to the guidelines of the German EEG 2017, have to verify the site quality index after 5, 10, and 15 years. If you as an operator of a wind farm are interested in getting an impression of the performance of your turbines before the first five operational years are proceeded, anemos is already able to calculate the preliminary site quality index. In this regard, we can draw on our many years of experience in operational data analysis and determination of site quality. Furthermore, anemos is actively taking part of the creation and the development of the TR 10 and has applied the high complex calculation method and achieved plausible results in this context.
In the case of entire wind park shutdowns meaning that reanalysis data have to be used within the calculation of the site yields (s. TR 10, Rev.0), anemos can provide you the benefit of using its own reanalysis data with high horizontal (3 km) and temporal (10 min) resolutions. In particular, the temporal resolution of 10 min is important since operational data from wind turbines (SCADA) typically provide this temporal resolution of 10 min. On average this anemos reanalysis data has correlation coefficients of 80% with the nacelle wind speed data (tested on 27 wind farms, 150 WTG). Consequently, the anemos Wind Atlas is ideally suited to be used when the entire wind farm was standing still.
The offshore wind field may exhibit a strong spatial variation which cannot be adequately considered with a simple extrapolation of the wind potential from coastal weather stations or offshore measurement locations. For the horizontal and vertical extrapolation and for the deduction of an offshore wind index, we apply our complex 3-dimensional atmospheric models. A parameterization of the roughness depending on the sea conditions is taken into account as well as the atmospheric stability which influences the vertical wind profile changing with the temperature layering and the diurnal and annual courses of temperature above sea or land surfaces.
Our offshore wind atlases are correlated with the measurements at the FINO platforms in the North and Baltic Sea. This way, we obtain a detailed 3-dimensional picture of the wind field above sea, adapted to the measurements. These long-term time series are then applied to determine a wind index.
For the energy yield calculation, we use several different wake models to obtain a low uncertainty.
The offshore wind potential studies / site assessment studies of the anemos GmbH meet the common MetOcean data requirements. Our long-standing expertise regarding offshore projects is reflected by the amount of site assessment studies and due diligence reports for more than 35 offshore wind farms with more than 14.000 MW.
The ambient turbulence influences the required distances for wind turbines. We calculate the turbulence intensity caused by the surrounding environment with two different methods in order to minimize the uncertainty inherent in the determination of this parameter.
The comparison of these calculated turbulences with real measurements is a part of our quality management. Thus, a more and more sophisticated estimation of the environmental parameters influencing the turbulence intensity is possible.
Calculation of yield losses
The calculation of losses is a major part within a wind and energy yield study. In addition to daily shutdowns and curtailments, annual and weather related restrictions are required for the licensing.
The anemos GmbH is using high-resolution 10-minute data of the anemos Wind Atlases to calculate the energy losses. These data consist of 20 years of site-specific meteorological data providing information about the wind potential and energy yield. An accurate prediction of the losses for the future operation time can be achieved. Various restrictions may occur at the same time. Our time series analysis guarantees the consideration of simultaneous restriction events to avoid double rating.
Examples of possible restrictions are:
- shutdowns and curtailments due to noise issues
- shutdowns to avoid shadow impact
- shutdowns to protect the avifauna (i.e. bats, cranes, breeding seasons, etc.)
- sector management to reduce mechanical loads
- shutdowns due to ice accumulation
Your contact personAnna-Lena Stubbenhagen
Tel.: +49 (0)4131 83 08 - 116
Calculation of noise immission
Licensing procedures for wind turbines are based on reports about the calculation of noise immission.
We calculate the noise immission using the module NOISE of the program package WindPro by EMD International A/S according to the DIN ISO 9613-2 of the “Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V.” and according to the "TA Lärm" as amended from time to time. The corresponding yield is calculated by reducing time-dependent adaptation of the performance characteristic.
During the preparation of a noise immission report, we are in direct exchange with the licensing authorities.
Calculation of shadow impact
Licensing procedures for wind turbines are based on reports about the calculation of shadow impact. The daily and annual maximum shading time ("worst case") and the expected duration of shading ("meteorologically likely") are calculated by the module SHADOW of the program package WindPro of the company EMD International A/S.
As the limits of the maximum acceptable daily and annual shading times are not legally binding, the guidelines of the “Länderausschuss für Immissionsschutz” are used as the basis for the maximum permissible shading period. During the preparation of a shadow impact report, we are in direct exchange with the licensing authorities.
The risk of investing in a wind farm project is basically determined by the energy yield calculations and the corresponding uncertainty. The uncertainty consideration in a site assessment study usually refers to the applied methods and data base. Apart from these rather technical uncertainties, a comprehensive risk analysis should include the uncertainty of the natural wind variations from year to year.
We perform an analysis of the volatility of the wind based on our long-term time series of the anemos Wind Atlases.
Furthermore, we are able to analyse and optimise wind park or PV-portfolio with the calculation of the energy yield portfolio effect. In addition to the technical diversification, the spatial diversification must be taken into account.
Small wind turbines
We generate a yield estimation for the location of your small wind turbines, based on our anemos D-3km Atlas.
It is also possible to determine the wind potential on the basis of your wind measurement.